5 Components of physical fitness


Although the definition of fitness can be a little complicated or unclear and the definition of fitness can vary, most government health agencies and exercise scientists agree that there are 5 components of physical fitness related to health. These factors give a fairly accurate representation of how fit and healthy body is a whole (total or overall fitness). 5 factors are cardiovascular fitness (also known as cardiovascular respiratory endurance or cardiovascular endurance), muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition.

Let’s take a closer look at these things for themselves.

1) Cardiovascular fitness (or cardio-respiratory endurance or cardiovascular endurance)

Of the five components, cardiovascular fitness is the cornerstone of the creative process to add other levels of fitness.

Cardiovascular fitness is the efficiency of the body (heart and lungs) delivers oxygen and nutrients to the required working muscles and releases waste products from the cells of a sustained period of time. Or to put it another way, it is the ability of your heart and lungs to work together to provide the necessary oxygen and fuel your body without soon reach a high level of fatigue and exhaustion.

In our daily lives, we need the heart of the ability to perform physical tasks and all of “running around” we do.

common cardiovascular fitness test usually involves some kind of sustained progress. But typical exercise associated with cardiovascular fitness are jogging, swimming, cycling, brisk walking or speed and any type of aerobic exercises. Aerobic exercise is the best way to improve cardiovascular fitness.

2) muscular strength

Muscular strength is the maximum force (weight or heavy against) muscle or muscle group can generate in one effort to the extent that no more iterations can do without to rest. Muscular strength is quite the opposite of cardiovascular fitness in touch with the fact that cardiovascular fitness is measured over time. While on the other hand, the muscular strength is measured in a single repetition.

In our daily lives, we need modest levels of strength to be able to perform everyday physical tasks like lifting, moving, moving, o. fl.

common test to measure upper body strength is some form of weightlifting exercise such as bench press. Anaerobic weightlifting exercises such as bench press, leg press, shoulder press, bicep curls or are examples of the best ways to improve muscular strength.

3) Muscular endurance

Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to perform repetitive movements (or to maintain a certain position) less than the maximum power for long periods of time or where to muscle fatigue. Or, to put it simplistically, that’s how long your muscles can do anything but get too tired to finish.

Be careful not to confuse muscular endurance muscle strength. While they can work together, they are definitely not the same. For many athletes, it may be necessary to distinguish between muscular strength and muscular endurance. But for everyday people who want to easily perform daily routines, are trying to be healthy and fit, and just enjoying activities like hiking, biking, or just playing in the park with their kids, muscular endurance plays an important role in ability.

Common tests for muscular endurance may vary (ability to repeat contractions) or static (the ability to sustain recession). Dynamic test was to see how many push-ups or sit-ups, for example, a person can complete a specified period (eg, 30 seconds, one minute, or maybe longer). Or, without timed, one could do as many repetitions of exercise they could they could not do any more. Examples of static test was flexed arm hang where performers hang from the bar to the designated stopping time or until they become too weak to continue hanging.

Muscular endurance can be improved by both aerobic and anaerobic exercises. Some examples would be biking, step machines and elliptical machines.

4) Flexibility

Flexibility is the ability to move the joints or any group of joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons through a lot, their normal mobility without hindrance, discomfort or pain.

Flexibility is actually a more important physical fitness than people realize. Not only does flexibility play a major role in performing many daily tasks, while maintaining or even increasing flexibility is important to protect your joints and keep them healthy. In addition, to be flexible for improved lower back health, reduce the appearance and effects of arthritis, and reduce muscle-tendon injuries.

Not everyone has the same flexibility or scalability requirements. Flexibility will tell you how limber you are. And when it comes to flexibility test your fitness level, the sit-and-reach test is usually used.

Stretching is the best way to improve flexibility. And most fitness experts recommend daily routine static stretches for each joint.

5) Body Composition

Body composition is the percentage of fat in the body compared to your lean body mass (muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, organs, etc.).

Body composition is a better indicator of overall fitness condition than body weight. So understand that every body or what you see on the bathroom scale phone does not tell you how much fat or muscle mass (muscle) you are.

Body composition is useful in helping to determine health risks. Therefore, know the body composition and how it relates to the overall fitness level is essential. An optimal ratio of fat mass to lean mass is a clear indication of good ability.

body composition website is the result of the point that you implement other components of fitness. In other words, when you add the other four elements, it will have a positive effect on body composition, resulting in reduced body fat. Also, when you have a high body fat content percentage, you are considered overweight or possibly obese. It negatively affects other things competency daily performance, appearance and overall health.

There are several methods that can be used to calculate body composition. The best method is underwater weighing. But because of the cost, this is not practical for the everyday person. Incidentally, if you can go to college or some other place that is set up to do that, it would be well worth your time to check it out. The most common method for determining body composition is a skin fold reading – a skin fold pumps and take measurements from certain areas of the body.

The regular program that includes aerobic exercise and strength training can help you reduce body fat and increase muscle mass; and thus, significantly improve body composition and overall health and fitness.

Finally, you now know that being fit is not just about being able to bench press a lot of weight, but you also need to know how well you can see running a mile, for example, , and a few other things. The key is that by understanding the five components of physical fitness, you will be better able to assess your fitness level and determine which specific health and fitness goals you want to achieve.


Source by Donald Holland

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