five components of physical fitness are often used in our school systems, health clubs and fitness centers to assess how good a shape we are truly in. The five components that make up conversational skills are:
Total fitness can be defined by how well your body performs in each one of the aspects of physical fitness in general. It is not enough to be able to bench press weight. You also need to determine how well you can see running a mile, etc.
A closer look at the individual components of
Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide the necessary oxygen and fuel the body sustained workload. An example would be jogging, cycling and swimming. The Cooper Run is used most often to test cardiovascular endurance.
muscular strength is the amount of power a muscle can cause. An example would be the bench press, leg press or bicep curls. The push up test is usually used to test muscular strength.
Muscular endurance is the ability of muscle to perform continuously without tiring. An example would be bikes, step machines and elliptical machines. The sit-up test is usually used to test muscular endurance.
Flexibility is the ability of each joint move through the available range of motion for a particular joint. Example would stretch individual muscles or the ability to perform certain active movements such as lunge. The sit and reach test is usually used to test flexibility.
Body composition is the amount of fat mass compared to lean muscle, bone and organs. This can be measured using underwater weighing, Skin Fold readings and bioelectrical impedance. Underwater weighing is considered the “gold standard” for measuring body fat, although the size and cost of equipment needed very few places are set up to make this type of measurement.
Why the need for physical fitness test?
As stated earlier the 5 components of physical fitness represent how fit and healthy body is whole. When you have battery of tests performed to get information about some areas that you did have to work. Very specific goal oriented fitness program can be developed from the test battery.
If the body’s chemical composition (more fat compared to muscle mass) there are many health diseases and illnesses you have a greater chance of being infected. It is important to combine healthy eating habits with your exercise program.
If you scored low on the cardiovascular test you would have a greater chance of being at risk for heart disease illness and would not do well with tasks that require longer times to complete. You would be involved in things like long bike rides, swimming and jogging long time to correct these things.
The next three test can have results that are isolated to certain joints and muscles or affect the body as a whole.
If you score low on the flexibility test, you have a greater chance of reduced performance in daily life activities / sports and greater risk of injury. You can also find low back pain. It was important to the accompanying flexibility training in your workout every day.
If you scored low on muscle endurance test as you fatigue early in the exercise or daily activities. Many exercises that require high reps and low weight would be implemented in the program training.
If you scored low on muscle strength test that you do not have enough power to perform well in sports, resistance training and activities of daily living. fitness program would have a progressive strength training component added that would allow you to become stronger with little chance of injury time.
Fitness test has limitations – but it gives you a good idea of where the body is, it does not paint the whole picture. As mentioned earlier some of the above tests are just to test a specific part of the body. Other important factors such as balance and agility are not tested. It also requires the ability to perform the tests. It would be dangerous to someone who is in poor condition and not used to take part in the fitness test.
Before deciding to undergo fitness test, make sure you know why they are doing and decide that it is safe to participate.